William Apess (1798–1839), writer, minister and human rights advocate, born in Colrain, Massachusetts, is memorialized with an historic marker at the site of the town’s Griswold Memorial Library just south of Brattleboro. In 1829, Apess wrote the first autobiography by a Native American in the U.S. He was ordained a Protestant Methodist Preacher the same year the autobiography was published. William Apess’ helped organize the 1833-34 Mashpee riot in Cape Cod.
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